AI Applications

Law and Artificial Intelligence

Law and Artificial Intelligence

This field has two aspects:
apply law to artificial intelligence or apply artificial intelligence to law

How can AI create a legal system based on technology? We can address this from two perspectives: applying the Law to AI (with boring regulations such as GDPR) or applying AI to the Law.

Traditionally, legal systems have resisted technological chance, but in the 20th century the IT revolution has posed a new challenge for legal services: not only services have become digitalized, but also there is a need to build systems that combine legal knowledge with technological methodologies and processes and, why not, with AI. This is dramatically changing the legal system and even the administration of justice.

Legal reasoning is, in essence, a naturally algorithmic process, and we trust the legal technological industry enough, then we could regulate it entirely. The Law has strategies to learn, store and retain information. Legal concepts are stored hierarchically in a similar way: low-level concepts are subject to high-level ones. This is why artificial intelligence and machine learning can be applied in this area and dramatically change it.

Our expert Lauren Dyson addresses AI applications in police work. “Most of the police stations in the US use predictive algorithms to decide where police officers should be sent in order to prevent as many criminal offenses as possible,” she says. This issue is controversial, since it has been proven that these systems are detrimental to people of color, to whom are attributed a higher criminal risk.

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Related experts

Christopher Markou
Christopher Markou

Leverhulme Fellow and Lecturer en University of Cambridge

Lauren Dyson
Lauren Dyson

Senior Data Scientist at Open Labs R&D

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